Dog breeds: Mexican Bare Dog - Xoloitzcuintle - Mexican Hairless Dog

Dog breeds: Mexican Bare Dog - Xoloitzcuintle - Mexican Hairless Dog

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Mexico.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

The origin of the Mexican Naked Dog (Xoloitzcuintle) is lost over the centuries. It is considered one of the oldest breeds in the world. In ancient times it was bred like any other meat animal, in fact the natives fed on its and appreciated it very much. This dog was considered by the ancients to be "the envoy of God", or the "Xolotl", which, as is evident, gave the breed its name. The ancient peoples believed that the mission of this animal was to accompany the souls of the dead to their eternal home. This breed is best known under the name "Xoloitzcuintle". Currently there are no three varieties, which differ in size: the standard variety which is considered essentially a watchdog; the intermediate variety, also with the same function as the larger size; the miniature size that is simply a pet dog.

General aspect

Medium size dog, primitive type. Its main feature is the almost total lack of fur on a smooth and sweet skin. The body is well proportioned, with a large chest, a spacious rib cage, long limbs and tail. The length of its body is slightly greater than the withers, in proportion approximately 10/9. Females can be slightly longer than males. Long-limbed dogs with short limbs will be penalized. Males should have normal-looking testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


The character of this breed is noble, very reserved. It is a dog very attached to the owner, affectionate. He is very alert and alert, but he also knows how to be silent and calm. Quiet in temperament with family members, but immediately becomes suspicious and attentive in the presence of strangers. It is a breed very quick in movement and quite active. The character aspect of this breed is very similar to the Peruvian breed of the same name.

Mexican Naked Dog - Xoloitzcuintle - Mexican Hairless Dog (photo

Mexican naked dog (photo

Mexican naked dog (photo


- Variety standard: from 45 to 55 cm. The size up to 60 cm is accepted in dogs of excellent quality.
- Variety intermediate: from 35 to 45 cm.
- Variety thumbnail: from 25 to 35 cm.

Trunk: built in strength. Perfectly straight back line. Little marked withers. Croup with slightly convex upper profile. Strong and very muscular lumbar region. Long, well-descended chest down to the level of the elbows. The bottom line forms an elegant line.
Head and muzzle: lipoid type skull, that is, when viewed from above it is broad and strong while remaining very elegant; it tapers progressively towards the spindle. Occipital crest slightly marked. Stop little accused, but clear. The upper lines of the skull and nasal bridge are almost parallel. Undeveloped cheeks. Spindle, seen from the front, straight.
Truffle: very dark in dark coat dogs; pink or brown in bronze or blond subjects; with depigmented spots in speckled subjects.
Teeth: very strong bones. Perfect scissor joint. The absence of premolars and molars is not taken into consideration.
Neck: worn high, slightly convex. Proportionally long. Thin, flexible, very muscular, slightly convex shape and perfect elegance.
Ears: long, large, very elegant and delicate in texture, reminiscent of those of the bat.
Eyes: medium size, almond-shaped, with lively and very intelligent expression. The color of the iris varies according to that of the coat. Darker colors are preferred.
Limbs: front straight and perfectly parallel. The coxo-femoral, grassella and hock joints are very open. Long, very muscular thigh. Medium length feet, hare feet. Solid elbow, well adherent to the body, never open.
Shoulder: flat and very muscular.
Gait: according to its articulations, the dog relaxes in an elegant, soft step, with long strides; the trot is quick and easy, with the head and tail carried high.
Tail: long, thin, has some shaggy hair. Attacked low.
Skin: very smooth and delicate to the touch. It seems warmer on contact, due to the emission of heat, compared to breeds equipped with fur, in which heat is diffused by natural ventilation between the hairs.
Hair: there are some sparse hairs on the forehead and nape. These hairs must never form a long, sweet-textured wig.
Allowed colors: uniform and dark color preferred. The range of colors ranges from black, black gray, slate gray and dark gray, to reddish, liver color, bronze and blond color. We also encounter subjects with spots of any color, including white.
Most common defects: very large head, light colored eyes, round or prominent eyes, presence of baleen, very long neck with short limbs, short tail, spurs, loose skin, presence of hair in positions out of the standard, excessive depigmentation, albinism, fearful dog or aggressive, superior or inferior prognatism, cut or drooping ears, cut tail, presence of hair on the whole body, atypicality, toupet formed by long hair and sweet texture, cut out of standard, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Mexican Dog Breeds - Existing and Extinct (October 2021).