Breeds of dogs: Border Collie

Breeds of dogs: Border Collie

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Origin, classification and history

Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).

The origin of this singular breed is little known. In fact, in the "Border" region, located between Scotland and England, this breed, as far as you remember, has always existed. Many experts believe that this dog comes from a strain common to all Nordic sheepdogs. For centuries, it has been selected exclusively to guide and protect flocks. Over time, he has become the perfect auxiliary for the shepherd. His aptitude for work is so impressed in his genetic makeup that, in the absence of sheep, he brings together farmyard animals. A perfect dog in his job; certainly the best shepherd dog in the world, as well as the most used for this use. This breed has recently officially entered the international dog world. It is quite widespread and known in Europe, thanks, not only to its utility performances, but also to the various appearances in shows and films.

General aspect

Medium-small size dog, dolomomorphic mesocephalic. His appearance is of a dog well proportioned and very elegant in bearing and body lines. His figure is harmonic. It is a dog with great resistance, capable of sustaining long work times. Nice looking dog and at the same time aesthetically appreciable.


Perfect shepherd dog. Very obedient and easy to train. He is a dog with impressive agility and speed. He has incredible intelligence. He likes to make himself useful in work and knows its usefulness. He feels obliged to help his master. Very attached to the one who looks after him, to whom he expresses all his affection. Very serious and determined when he must lead the flock. Fearsome opponent for anyone who tries to harm the sheep that are under his control. Always alert and attentive to everything that happens around him and to all the commands of the master.

Isolde, female of Border Collie (photo by Ermanno Salvaterra

Isolde, female of Border Collie (photo by Ermanno Salvaterra


- males about 21 inches, that is 53 cm.
- females a little less than males.
Weight: from 14 to 20 kg.

Trunk: of moderate length. The back is broad and strong. The thorax is well descended and rather wide. The kidney is strong, muscular and slightly arched.
Head and muzzle: skull of good width. The muzzle is thinning towards the end. The muzzle is quite short and strong. The length of the skull and that of the muzzle are approximately equal. The stop is well marked.
Truffle: must always be black in color, with wide nostrils.
Teeth: healthy, regularly aligned, complete in number and development.
Neck: with good length gluing, strong and muscular. The bearing is noble.
Ears: medium in size and texture. Semi-erect courses.
Eyes: oval and dark brown in color.
Skin: well fitting in every part of the body.
Arts: Well upright. The forelegs are perfectly parallel. The skeleton is round and strong, but not massive.
Movement: loose and regular. The limbs move with strength and speed.
Musculature: well developed throughout the body.
Upper line: straight.
Tail: of moderate length, it must reach at least the hock. The hairline is low. Well trimmed with fur.
Hair: the hair of cover has a moderate length, and must be dense and of medium texture. The undercoat is short, and constitutes a fair protection against the bad weather and the climate of northern England.
Allowed colors: all colors are allowed. Most of the subjects are white and black.
Most common defects: non-standard measures, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, diffident character, shy character, incorrect gait, too long hair.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Dog Breeds: How to Select a Border Collie (May 2022).