Breeds of dogs: Akita Inu

Breeds of dogs: Akita Inu

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Japan.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

This breed certainly belongs to a strain of Nordic-Eastern dogs to which many other sled breeds belong, such as the "Kamciatka" or the "Laika" and other Siberian tow dogs. The Akita is part of the large group of Japanese dogs, in which the "Hokkaido dog", the "Shiba inu", the "Kisu ken" can be inserted due to the affinity in the general conformation and for some similar characteristics. , the "Shikoku ken", the "Kai-ken", and others. The cradle of origin of Akita Inu is located in the area of ​​the island of Honsu, in the north-western region, which is one of the largest of those that make up the Japanese archipelago. In the past it was used for hunting big game and also for fighting, which in the past centuries was very popular. From the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century it was used in fighting. Between 1912 and 1925, this breed had a notable decline due to the continuous crossbreeding, which was carried out to give rise to mestizos with excellent fighting qualities. From the moment in which these fights were prohibited, to control gambling, bred dogs were bred between the ancient Japanese dog and molossoids of probable western origins. In 1919 a group of scholars founded an institution to preserve this breed. In 1931 the breed was declared a "National natural monument".

General aspect

Medium-sized dog, mesomorphic mesocephalic. A lipoid is considered as a morphological classification. It is a dog of strong construction, with robust bone structure and very well proportioned body. Its most obvious characteristics are power and dignity. It has a soft fur and a tail that curls up on the rump. Aesthetically, this breed combines strength with harmony.


It is an exceptional breed. He has a calm, sensitive and above all faithful temperament. He is a delightful companion with man. He proves very devoted to his master. Strangers who show themselves to be kind are treated with respect, but offenders will have no escape if they allow themselves to cross the area protected by this breed. Loyalty and obedience are its main qualities. Very intelligent and easily trainable. It is a breed suitable for different functions and attitudes: a good guard and defense dog, also suitable for companionship. It is a dog that never acts in a subtle way.

Akita Inu (website photo)

Akita Inu (website photo)


- males about 67 cm
- females about 61 cm
with variation of 3 cm more or less tolerated.
Weight: from 34 to 50 kg

Trunk: with high and quite long withers. The back is straight and flat. The kidneys are large and strong. Wide and deep chest. Ribs well sprung. Well developed chest.
Head and muzzle: with flat and wide skull between the ears, high forehead with well marked median furrow. The stop is well defined. The cheeks are properly developed. The muzzle has a straight nasal bridge, with strong, non-hanging lips.
Truffle: it is black in color. Liver truffle allowed only in dogs with white coat.
Teeth: regularly aligned, complete in number and highly developed.
Neck: large, muscular, in fair and good proportion with the head.
Skin: quite close to the body in all its parts.
Limbs: the forelegs have full, large and straight forearms. Moderately flexed pastures. The feet are large and rounded, with dark nails. The hindquarters have well-developed thighs and long legs. The hocks are powerful, dry and elastic. The hocks have a moderate angle.
Shoulder: strong and powerful, moderately descent.
Musculature: developed and evident throughout the body.
Upper line: straight, robust and solid.
Tail: large and full. Rolled up with a curve to the right or left. The tail must extend to the hock joint when it is dropped down.
Hair: the exterior is straight and of the right length. The undercoat is very thick, soft and compact. On the tail it is longer.
Allowed colors: fawn-red, sesame (fawn-red hair with black tips), brindle and white. All the colors mentioned, except white, must have lurajiro (whitish fur on the sides of the muzzle and on the cheeks, under the jaw, on the throat, on the chest and on the belly, as well as on the lower side of the tail and on the inside of the limbs).

Most common defects: enognatism, cryptorchidism, monorchidism, colors other than those indicated by the standard, straight shoulder, ambit, non-standard sizes, clear eye, lack of premolars, twisted tail, drooping ears, prognathism, shy character, short hair, spotted tongue.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: AKITA INU - Discipline. 秋田犬 (January 2022).