Breeds of dogs: Affenpinscher

Breeds of dogs: Affenpinscher

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Origin, classification and history

Origin: Germany.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.

Even for the Affenpinscher, as for many other dog breeds, there are various hypotheses on its origin. There are those who argue that it comes from the "Griffoncino del Belgio", given the many morphological analogies. According to many other scholars, a common origin between the two races is more credible. The origin is undoubtedly Germanic. Most of the subjects are found, as they have always been found, especially in the ancient Langhevia of Hesse Cassel and Hesse Darmstadt. Its diffusion is minimal in European countries. It is a not very well known breed. Even in Germany itself it is not very popular. It is most appreciated by the United States in recent decades. In German the term "Affen" means "monkey", and the term "Pinscher" means "terrier", therefore its name literally means "monkey terrier"; this because of its particular appearance.

General aspect

Small dog, mesomorphic brachycephalic. It is considered one of the small molossoids. It is a small and collected dog. His expression is nice and "monkey". He has a shaggy hair with a long mustache. It is a small breed, but perfectly built; well proportioned, with a solid construction, collection and fair relationships.


Affen has an exceptional character. A dog that becomes unequaled in humans. He is a small friend who can always be brought with us, given his small size. He loves traveling a lot and being taken for a walk. He is a great hunter of small rodents, equally good at removing quail and flushing out rabbits and small game. Very intelligent and lively. On some occasions it also reveals a discreet guardian. It is strange to think that it is so uncommon while maintaining this valuable character characteristics.

Affenpinscher (photo courtesy of

Affenpinscher (photo


Height: varies from 25 cm to 28 cm
Weight: from 3 to 4 kg

Trunk: the chest is flattened a little on the coasts. The length of the trunk corresponds to approximately the height at the withers. The back and abdomen lines are parallel.
Head and muzzle: it is rather globular, not too massive, very rounded. The muzzle is short but not turned upwards as in griffons.
Truffle: the truffle and the lips are well pigmented in black.
Teeth: it is pure white and laid forward, however the teeth are not visible with the mouth closed.
Neck: it is short, without arching, straight upright. The throat is free of dewlap with tight skin.
Ears: carried up, almost always cut and carried erect.
Eyes: dark, round and not head-on.
Skin: adherent to the body in all its points.
Feet: short and round. Strongly closed with black nails and pads.
Limbs: the forelegs are straight with well-fitting elbows. The hindquarters are developed without significant angles in the joints. They are straight under the rump, which gives the gait of a small trot.
Musculature: fairly developed throughout the body.
Tail: inserted high and carried high. Almost always cut into three phalanges.
Proportions: trunk length equal to the height at the withers. Building in the square.
Hair: must be hard and thick. At the head it forms the particular ornament with bushy and bristly eyebrows that frame the eyes, an imposing beard, all completed with the hairs of the head in general and of the cheeks. The hair on the head must be equally hard, with tufts and radically directed. This essentially contributes to giving the impression of the monkey family from which the name of the breed is derived.
Allowed colors: goal of reproduction is pure black color. However, brownish black or grayish black and other variant colors are allowed.
Most common defects: enognatism, cryptorchidism, monorchidism, lack of premolars, deviated jaw, twisted tail, light structure, low or high on the limbs, low thorax, ears inserted low, head-to-head eyes, light eye, shearing teeth, back too long, back steep, elbows outward, back too angled, long feet, white hair.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Can your Affenpinscher do this? Affiefilms celebrates 10 Years of filming (August 2022).