Typical Italian products: Arancia di Ribera DOP

Typical Italian products: Arancia di Ribera DOP

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Production area

CE recognition: 2011

The production area of ​​the Ribera Orange includes the areas of the Province of Agrigento falling in the Municipalities of Bivona, Burgio, Calamonaci, Caltabellotta, Cattolica Eraclea, Cianciana, Lucca Sicula, Menfi, Montallegro, Ribera, Sciacca, Siculiana and Villafranca Sicula and the Province of Palermo in the municipality of Chiusa Sclafani.


Ribera orange, with a very pleasant taste, is blond and seedless. Contains vitamin A, B1, B2, vitamin C, mineral salts and sugars. It has well balanced nutritional components, ready to assimilate and easy to digest. A single orange is enough to meet the daily requirement of vitamin C which is antioxidant and contributes to the strengthening of the immune system. It can be eaten fresh as fruit or juice. Indicated for use in the kitchen in the preparation of aperitifs, digestives, first and second courses. Excellent orange salads, desserts and desserts. It should also be consumed in the evening for its high digestibility.

Ribera orange PDO (photo

Production specification - Arancia di Ribera DOP

Article 1
The Protected Designation of Origin "Orange of Ribera" is reserved for fruits that meet the indications and requirements established in this production specification.

Article 2
Product description
The Protected Designation of Origin "Orange of Ribera" is reserved for products deriving from the following varieties:
a) Brazilian with clones: common Brazilian, healed Brazilian;
b) Washington Navel, Washington navel municipality, Washington Navel restored, Washington Navel3033;
c) Navelina with the clones: common Navelina, restored Navelina and Navelina ISA 315;
Upon its release for consumption, the Protected Designation of Origin "Orange of Ribera" has the following characteristics:
fruit (hesperidium)
- minimum transverse diameter of 70 mm;
- minimum size of 6 according to the European classification;
- typically spherical-ellipsoidal shape (ovoid or flattened or elliptical) with internal navel;
- uniform orange peel color, with a tendency to reddish at the end of winter;
- pulp with uniform orange color, fine and firm texture, without seeds;
- orange color;
- juice yield not less than 40%;
- soluble solids content between 9 and 15 Brix;
- acidity between 0.75 and 1.50;
- soluble solids / titratable organic acids ratio not less than 8.
The "Arancia di Ribera" PDO is reserved for oranges belonging to the "Extra" and "I" commercial categories.

Article 3
Production area
The production area of ​​the "Orange of Ribera" includes the areas of the Province of Agrigentoricadenti in the Municipalities of: Bivona, Burgio, Calamonaci, Caltabellotta, Cattolica Eraclea, Cianciana, Lucca Sicula, Menfi, Montallegro, Ribera, Sciacca, Siculiana and Villafranca Sicula and the Province of Palermo in the municipality of Chiusa Sclafani.

Article 4
Proof of origin
Each phase of the production process is monitored in order to ensure compliance with the regulations contained in the specific specification. In this way, and through the registration in special lists, managed by the inspection body, of the cadastral parcels on which the cultivation takes place, of the producers and packers, as well as through the timely reporting to the control structure of the quantities produced, it is product traceability guaranteed. All natural and legal persons registered in the lists are subject to control, in accordance with the provisions of the production specification and the related control plan.

Article 5
Obtaining method
The production of the "DOP Arancia di Ribera" comes from plants conducted with the following methods:
a) traditional: obtained by adopting the ordinary systems practiced in the area in accordance with the "Normal good agricultural practice" rules in accordance with Community Regulations and in compliance with the limits of pesticide residues;
b) integrated: obtained with the observance of the integrated production technical standards of the Sicilian Region in compliance with the Community Regulations on agri-environmental matters;
c) organic: in accordance with EEC Regulation 2092/91 and subsequent amendments.
The planting density is between 400 and 650 plants per hectare.
The rootstocks allowed are the following: Citrus aurantium (bitter orange or melange), citrangeTroyer, citrange Carrizo, citrumeli, Poncirus trifoliata, Mandarin Cleopatra, Citrus macrophylla, free of virosis and endowed with high genetic stability.
The harvesting operation takes place manually and the detachment of the fruits must be carried out conforbici.
The maximum production for citrus groves cannot exceed 400 quintals per hectare. In exceptionally favorable years, these limits can be exceeded by a maximum of 10%.
It is absolutely forbidden to practice the deverdizzazione of the fruits.
Breeding techniques
Two types of plant are used for the production of the "DOP Arancia di Ribera": creation of new citrus orchards by planting young nursery plants, varietal conversion of existing citrus orchards with the new cultivars.
In both cases the propagation material used (scions, rootstocks, grafted plants) must be certified.
New Plant
The sixth adopted must be such as to allow easy execution of the main cultural operations and the transit of agricultural equipment and at the same time guarantee a balanced plant-production development. To this end, the planting density in new plants must be between 400 and 650 plants / Ha, depending on the rootstock used.
The planting is carried out in the winter period, starting from the month of December up to full marble, with plants of one or two years and grafting point at a height between 50 and 60 cm taking care not to cover the collar to prevent the onset of phytopathies.
The re-grafting technique is performed on pre-existing citrus groves that meet the following minimum requirements:
- density between 400 and 650 plants / ha;
- good vegetative and sanitary conditions;
Re-grafts are carried out in the spring season, in the months of March and April, adopting the "apenna", "crown" or "piece" technique. Re-grafting must be preceded by vigorous pruning, directly on the stem or the main branches of the variety to be re-grafted.
The pruning operations are carried out from February to September and must allow the formation of a harmonic and "full" "globe" structure. Pruning is carried out annually with moderate cesori interventions, aimed at avoiding the creation of a bundle of vegetation within the foliage.
Management of spontaneous flora
Weed control is carried out with few mechanical processes, using tools that operate superficially to avoid damaging the root system.
The first processing is carried out in the period between 1 March and 30 April and has the purpose of cleaning the soil and burying the fertilizers, which are distributed during this period of the year. Subsequent interventions are allowed in the spring / summer period, after fruit set.
Nutrition and fertilization
Fertilization is carried out in the period between 1st February and 30th September, also under irrigation.
Conventional and integrated method
Fertilization is carried out with organic and / or granular complex organic or organo-mineral mineral fertilizers buried with a light soil tillage.
Biological method
Fertilization is carried out with products authorized pursuant to EC Reg. 2092/91 and subsequent modifications. It is carried out with organic or organo-mineral fertilizers that are buried by lightly working the soil or by fertigation.
Irrigation takes place with the localized micro-jet method both "butterfly" and "mustache".
Phytosanitary defense
The prevention and phytosanitary control from phytopathogens, insects and phytophagous mites differs according to the production technique implemented (traditional, integrated or biological).
The harvest for the Navelina variety starts on November 1st and ends at the end of February; while for Brazilian levariety and Washington navel begins in the first decade of December and ends at the end of the day. The cutting of the fruits is carried out with the help of scissors in order to avoid detachment of the glass.
For fruits not immediately released for consumption, storage after low temperatures is allowed. The storage conditions in the cold rooms are: temperature between 3 and 6 ° C., Relative humidity between 75 - 95%. The conditioning times must not exceed 90 days from collection.
In order to safeguard the quality and integrity of "PDO" productions, all conditioning operations must take place within the production area delimited pursuant to art. 3, as long transports and subsequent manipulations favor the onset of pathogenic phenomena and product contamination. In fact, Ribera Orange does not undergo any chemical treatment both before and after harvesting and in the conditioning phase, if not that of washing with drinking water. The absence of waxes and chemical preservatives on the peel makes Ribera Orange more sensitive to transport and handling.

Article 6
Link with the environment
The peculiar characteristics of the Ribera Orange are:
- a consistency of the pulp such that the juice vesicles dissolve in the mouth leaving very few membranous residues;
- a perfect balance between taste, aroma and fragrance.
- blonde and sugary pulp suitable for fresh consumption and which distinguishes it from other Sicilian pigmented varieties of red and subacid flavor.
It is proven that these qualitative and organoleptic characteristics differ from those coming from other areas of cultivation, giving it its own identity in national and European markets, now from around 1950 with the denomination Arancia di Ribera. The impetus for the affirmation of the Ribera Orange is given by the organization of the Market Fair, already from the first edition in 1966, which has become "Orange Ribera Festival" since 1985.
These exclusive qualities are essentially linked to environmental factors: climate, soil and water. Gliaranceti, in fact, are present on the sides and on the slopes of the Verdura, Magazzolo, Platani and Carboj rivers where the nature of the soils is constituted by a high content of clay such that the ground crackles during the summer. These soils belonging to the order of Vertisuoli and Inceptsuoli have great agronomic potential. They are rich in readily assimilable primary minerals, with high cation exchange capacity (20 meq / 100 g.), A feature that contributes to significantly increasing the exchangeable and available potassium content for Ribera orange.
The high availability of potassium, which favors the migration of sugars from the roots, leaves and branches to the fruits, combined with the climatic conditions typical of the Mediterranean area, contribute in a decisive way to increase the sugar content and the taste quality in the Ribera Orange . In these areas, the physical characteristics of the soil also play an important role in determining the characteristics of the product. The soils, formed by alluvial sediments, are characterized by a balanced texture, which ensures the juiciness of the fruits and gives uniqueness to the soils of this area, linked to the high clay content, mitigated by the sand and frequently by pebbles, which guarantee the free circulation of the air and water and allow the establishment of biological processes, with the establishment of a "positive" microflora, conducive to the synthesis of the organic substance which, as is known, promotes the assimilation of nutrients and water.
In addition, during the summer season, to cope with the lack of rain, the citrus groves falling in the area of ​​the Orange of Ribera are irrigated through a canalization system that uses the water potted in the Castello, Arancio and Prizzi dams, coming respectively from Magazzolo, Carboj rivers and Vegetables.
The aforementioned rivers provide abundant water of excellent quality, of balanced composition with low conductivity free from polluting elements. The presence of the sea determines throughout the year thermal and hygrometric conditions, which go well with the eco-physiological needs of the orange, very rarely, in fact, there are damages from natural disasters such as frosts or siroccal winds responsible for considerable damage to crops.
The wisdom of man in cultivating and caring for orange groves respecting local traditions and cultures and the healthiness of the environment harmoniously contribute to providing this product with unique qualities.
Other important parameters that characterize Ribera orange are:
- the excellent ratio between total soluble solids and organic acids:
- the average size of the fruit rather high;
- the intense orange color of the peel and juice;
- the high juiciness that makes it a good variety also from juice.
The area in which Ribera Orange is grown is a true "orange oasis" totally detached from the regional citrus context.
In the valley of the Verdura river historical documents demonstrate the cultivation of excellent production of "melarance", vanilla oranges and other citrus fruits since the early 1800s, which describes a rich territory with very sweet waters and products that were transported to Palermo and exported to America. Other documents describe the presence of navel oranges in the Mediterranean basin in the same period.
So a rich and excellent cultivation area, with different varieties including umbilical varieties starting from 1800.
The first Brazilian plants arrived in Ribera purchased by some Riberese farmers in Palermo around the 1930s. The perfect acclimatization of these oranges, the abundant production, the excellent quality of the fruit, pushed the local farmers to propagate and plant the Brazilian in their fields to replace the oldest orange trees. The crop gradually established itself with continuity, so much so that in 1940 it already invested 100 hectares and around 6,350 in 2000.
Ribera orange soon found a center of ideal diffusion along the valley of the Verdura river, thanks also to the possibility of drawing water for irrigation. Soon the valley turned into a continuous orange grove.
The main actor of these transformations has always been the farmer, who has been able to grasp the optimal characteristics and conditions of the environment, acquiring a unique professional ability, a point of reference for the entire regional territory relating to the cultivation of citrus fruits, creating a wealth and a landscape unique in the world.
The economic and social importance of orange cultivation in the Riberese territory is demonstrated by the number of companies involved, which today number around 4,000. The farmers, who have long been engaged in the cultivation of this citrus fruit, have now acquired a high professionalism in the sector, which is important in the cultivation phase, with the adoption of innovative and rational techniques, as well as in the productive and commercial phase.
The agricultural area of ​​Ribera has represented for many decades the most avant-garde reference point of the entire regional territory and in some cases also at national level for the professional skills of the workers, for the advanced cultivation techniques developed by the cultivators, for the quality of the productions obtained, which continue to enjoy considerable success.

Article 7
The control on the conformity of the product to the specification is carried out by a control structure in accordance with the provisions of article 10 and 11 of the EEC Reg. N. 510/06. this control structure is the designated public authority: Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Sicily "A: Mirri" - Via G.Marinuzzi, 3 - 90129 Palermo - Tel. 0916565220 - Fax 0916570803.

Article 8.
"Arancia di Ribera DOP" is released for consumption in the following packs:
- wooden, plastic and cardboard containers and / or trays weighing up to a maximum of 25 kg .;
- mesh bags with a maximum weight of 5 kg .;
- alveolar bins with a maximum weight of 40 kg.
The packages, bags and bins must be sealed in such a way as to prevent the contents from being extracted without breaking the seal.
The packages must bear on the label in clear and legible printing characters:
1. The denomination "Arancia di Ribera D.O.P." and the Logo, with characters superior to those of the other words on the label;
2. The variety of oranges: Brazilian, Washington navel and Navelina;
3. The name, company name, address of the manufacturer and / or packaging company;
4. The commercial category to which "Extra" or "I" belongs.
It is also prohibited to add any qualification not expressly provided for. However, the use of indications that refer to private brands is allowed, provided that these have not been laudatory or are such as to mislead the consumer, the indication of the name of the company from whose plots the product derives, as well as other truthful references and documentable that are permitted by current legislation and are not in conflict with the purposes and contents of this specification. Furthermore, the elements to identify the packer's name, company name and address must appear. The indication of the week of fruit picking is optional.
The Logo of the "Arancia di Ribera DOP" is made up as follows:
"Arancia di Ribera D.O.P." Protected Designation of Origin "in Textile font," Aranciadi Ribera ", lowercase with uppercase initials except for the article" di "," DOP "in capital letters and" Protected Designation of Origin "in all uppercase. The wording of Ribera orange is surmounted by a hint of sky-line of the fruit with the typical contours and colors of Ribera orange:
large size, orange peel and broad leaves. On the left side of the wording "D.O.P" there is a stylized geographical Sicily.
Colorimetric indices:
green leaf (74% C 18% M 100% Y 4% K);
orange fruit (1% C 77% M 100% Y 0% K);
blue for the wording (100% C 91% M 31% Y 24% K).

Video: Linea Verde - Gli agrumi di Sicilia (May 2022).