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Breeds of chickens: Meusienne

Breeds of chickens: Meusienne


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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

French breed originally from the Meuse (in French Meuse), French department of the Lorraine region.
The variety was created by Jean-Claude Périquet (president of the Fédération Francaise des Volailles) starting from the German Faverolles (with a dark coat). Unlike the latter, La Meusienne has no curls on the neck; moreover, beards and favorites are absent.
Rustic breed, it is a fairly good laying egg (eggs with a slightly colored shell), with medium predisposition to hatching; excellent quality meat.
There is also the variety Nana.

Morphological characteristics

Unique variety, dark salmon.
Simple crest. Large wattles, small head, red mumps, orange-yellow iris.
Feathered tarsi; five fingers (like Faverolles and Houdan).

Medium weight:
- Male Kg. 3,4 - 4,8
- Female Kg. 2,4 - 3,4

Meusienne chickens (photo http://cambrai.olx.fr)

Meusienne breed hen and rooster

Breed standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES

Origin Created by Jean-Cluade Periquet in Gincrey in the Meuse, starting from the German Faverolles.
Egg Minimum weight g. 55
Shell color: light brown.
Rooster ring: 24
Hen: 22

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION

Chicken of good size, robust, agile and not coarse habit. It differs mainly from the German Faverolles in the absence of beards and favorites, cape without brown spots in the rooster and with less curling as possible in the hen. Well developed wattles.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed

1- FORM
Trunk: medium length.
Head: small in relation to size.
Beak: light horn color.
Eyes: yellow-orange iris. In the lighter hen.
Crest: simple, red; medium sized; 4/5 regularly cut teeth.
Bargigli: medium length; red.
Face: slightly feathered; red.
Mumps: red.
Neck: medium length; abundant cape. In the hen if possible without curling, however a slight presence is not to be considered a defect.
Broad shoulders.
Back: long, wide, flat, almost horizontal. Croup with abundant lanceolate.
Wings: courses horizontal and well-tightened to the body.
Tail: medium length sickle-shaped.
Chest: deep and rounded.
Legs: strong legs. Medium length tarsi; light color; slightly feathered on the outside. Five fingers, on average feathered on the outer finger; the fourth and fifth fingers well separated.
Belly: well developed.

2 - WEIGHTS
Male Kg. 3,4 - 4,8
Female Kg. 2,4 - 3,4
Serious faults: Too slender shape; concave or carp spine; tail too detected; crest too large or bent; vulture hocks; deformed or attached fourth and fifth fingers; split nails; beginning of the sixth finger; cock less than 3 kg; hen less than 2 kg.

3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: Conformation: abundant and soft plumage.

IV - COLORS:

SALMON

Rooster Ivory-colored head, cape and rump. Absence of the classic brown-red spots, admitted brown-reddish hue in the middle part as long as it is not visible on the surface. Back and small covering of the reddish brown wings, possibly mixed with a little white-yellow; the small coverts with a brass rim that lightens with age. Large wing coverings (bands) black with greenish or bluish reflections. Primary remiges black with external beards edged with white. Secondary rowers with black inner beards and white outer beards that form the wing triangle. Terminal part of the back partially red-brown. Chest, legs and tail black. Belly and plumage of the tarsi black to gray-black. The chest and belly have a silver white duvet. In the other parts of the plumage there is a gray-blue tinge with a white rachis.
Hen Covering the wings, small and large, uniform salmon-red back and croup, each feather with white spine and whiter edging as possible. Cape slightly redder than the back, each feather edged with white or ivory. External beards of the remiges and helmsman salmon red, internal beards mixed and gray-black. Chest, belly and legs cream-colored, slight expansion on the plumage of the legs tolerated. White floury belly. Plumage of the tarsi and white fingers. Off-white to slightly gray-blue down in the red parts where the spine is white.
Serious faults Gallo: little brown-red on the back and on the shoulders; spine of any color other than white; total absence of brass edging on the wing covers; heavily stained chest; black flames in the cape.
Hen: absence of salmon color or salmon too dark; complete absence of the hemming; salmon color that overflows strongly on the chest or legs; spine of feathers of another color than white; strong soot.


Video: Top 10 Most EXOTIC Chicken Breeds. Top 10 Tuesdays (May 2022).