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Breeds of chickens: Belgian Brabant

Breeds of chickens: Belgian Brabant


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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Created in Belgium and the Netherlands in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Medium-sized chicken, type of country chicken, lively, with an elongated trunk and well-developed belly.

Morphological characteristics

Colors: Quail, Silver Quail, Blue, Fawn, Fawn Columbia Black, Black, White.
Crest: simple and medium-sized; lobe not too long and raised; medium width and not too deep teeth; fine texture. In the hen the crest takes the "S" shape.
Bargigli: medium sized; well rounded; oval in shape; fine texture.
Face: red and without feathers.
Mumps: medium-sized, smooth and white.
Tuft: medium developed tuft; implanted posteriorly; composed of long and fine feathers; follows the line of the nape. In the hen it is more developed, almost as tall as it is wide and covers the back of the head.

Medium weight:
- Roosters 2.0 - 2.5 kg
- Hens 1.5 - 2.0 kg

Belgian Brabant (photo www.samasa.it)

Breed standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES

Origin
Created in Belgium and the Netherlands in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Egg
Minimum weight g. 60
Shell color: white

Ring
Rooster: 18
Hen: 16

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Medium-sized chicken, type of country chicken, lively, with an elongated trunk and well-developed belly. Body of medium inclined body. The tuft is a particular feature.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed

1- FORM
Trunk: medium length, wide and with slightly inclined posture. In the hen carried less inclined.
Head: small and elongated.
Beak: medium length; dark to bluish horn color; it clears up a bit on the tip.
Eyes: blackish eyelids; dark brown iris.
Crest: simple and medium-sized; lobe not too long and raised; medium width and not too deep teeth; fine texture. In the hen it is more developed, almost as tall as it is wide and covers the back of the head.
Neck: on average long and carried a little forward; abundant cape.
Shoulders: wide and little evident.
Back: wide, long and almost straight; slightly inclined towards the back.
Wings: large; well tightened to the body and carried horizontally, the end is hidden by the lanceolate of the rump. Full, wide croup, medium length lanceolate.
Tail: of medium length; narrow and closed; forms an obtuse angle with the back, but not too low range; sickle-shaped and numerous small sickle-shaped ones not too wide and well arched. In the tight and closed hen
Chest: full; carried a little forward and slightly raised.
Legs: short and barely visible legs. Medium length tarsi; fine bone; fine and well arranged flakes; slate gray. Fine and well-spread fingers; slate gray color; clear nails.
Belly: well developed and deep. In the deepest and most developed hen.

2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 2,0 - 2,5
HEN: Kg. 1,5 - 2,0

Serious faults: body too small, too coarse or too short; underdeveloped belly; tail too detected, flow too low or fan-shaped; tuft too small or too large, spherical in shape, especially in the hen; too light iris; very red in the mumps.

3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: well developed; well tightened to the body; poorly developed down jacket.

IV - COLORS

QUAIL
All shades supported and bright. In the delimitation between the background color and the design, the requirements must not be too high as in the hemmed varieties.

COCK
Black head with golden brown edging. Black cape, upper part of the lanceolate edged laterally in light golden brown, so that the lower part of the cape (about a third) looks black with bright reflections. Back and small coverlets of medium intensity brown wings (the design of the chicken coat) must be present, but hidden, on the upper part of the back). Light golden brown lump with black flames without golden brown terminal edge. Secondary remiges with internal black beards. Medium-intensity brown outer beards, forming the triangle of the brown wing. Large brown wing coverts with black inner beards. Primary black remiges. Yellow or dark gold breast with light edging. Belly yellow or dark, mixed with gray towards the rear. Yellow or dark legs. Black helmsman. Large black sickles with green reflections; small bright black sickles with brown edging, which widens towards the rump.
HEN
Black head with golden brown edging. Black cape with bright light golden brown edging interrupted by black at the end of the lanceolate. Golden brown spine at the top of the cape. In the plumage of the coat, each feather with a velvety blackish brown middle part, golden yellow rachis and golden brown lateral edging, which narrows towards the croup and widens on the bottom of the small wing coverts, without reducing the middle zone. Secondary black remiges on two thirds inward, golden brown outward on one third, with black end, thus forming a triangle of the brown wing. Chest yellow or with pale yellow edging and slightly clearer spine design. Brownish traces allowed in the feathers on the sides of the chest. Belly yellow or mixed gray black towards the rear. Golden yellow legs. Black helmsman with light brown edge and brownish spine.
Serious defects:
Rooster: too much or too little black in the cape; sooty croup; black in the chest.
Hen: absence of the drawing of the spine and absence of the hem on the back; wing shield too open or without drawing; strongly irregular coat color.
In both sexes: brown and yellow too dark, too reddish, too pale or too light.

QUAIL SILVER
GALLO and GALLINA
Color and design as in the Quaglia variety, but the yellow and brown colors are replaced by silver white. Slight yellow reflections in the wings of the rooster and light rust in those of the hen to be evaluated provisionally with clemency.
Serious defects: at the level of the drawing the same defects as the Quaglia variety; strong yellow highlights; brown tracks.

BLUE
COCK
Uniform gray-blue without hemming. Cape, rump, shoulders and small wing coverts, as well as (3_togliere pure) the large and small sickles of an intense dark blue color.
HEN
Dark blue cape, remnant of the pigeon blue plumage to slate blue without edging.
Light blue down jacket.
Serious defects: irregular color, many floury traces.

tawny
GALLO and GALLINA
Uniform and intense golden fawn. Cape, rump, shoulders and small coverts of the wings of the rooster, as well as the cape of the intense bright fawn hen.
Primary and secondary remiges fawn supported with fawn rachis.
In the tail of the rooster a bronze shade is to be considered among the slight defects.
Fawn down jacket and spine.
Serious defects: color of the small coverts of the heavily marbled wings; white duvet; black traces in the tail and wings; floury tracks.

FULVA COLUMBIA BLACK
GALLO and GALLINA
Almost identical design in both sexes. The background color of the plumage is fawn. Cape with large black flames with green reflections and tawny edging. The feathers on the upper part of the back, under the cape, have a black drop design. Croup of rooster as much as possible without black flames, but a slight design is to be tolerated. Croup of the hen always pure fawn. Tail of pure black rooster with strong green reflections. Small sickle-shaped cocks and feathers covering the tail of the hen fringed the fawn. Black remiges with tawny external beards so that the triangle of the wing will be tawny. The small coverts of the wings of the rooster are of a more intense tone.
Gray down jacket.
Serious defects: coat color too light or heavily marbled; all black traces where not provided; cape flames breaking through; very fawn in the tail; floury tracks.

BLACK
GALLO and GALLINA
Pure black coat with strong green reflections.
Dark down jacket
Serious Defects: opaque plumage; violet reflections; floury tracks.

WHITE
GALLO and GALLINA
Pure white coat with silver highlights.
White down jacket.
Serious defects: strong yellow reflections; feathers of other color.


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